​​Vocabulary related to Your Professional Development​

CareerTasting - The Philosophy

​You will be "tasting" various jobs & career paths while walking down the road of your professional life.

Its like tasting wines and discovering whats is a better fit for you. ​Take your time think about all the tastes you have ​experienced during the trip so far.

Reflect and assess ​where you are right now and where you wan to head next. Gain clarity about your inborn ​aptitudes, learned knowledge, acquired skills, values and goals. Look within, talk ​to people who know you well, ask career guidance form career counselors.

We in CareerTasting believe everyone has one or ​several ​aptitudes that lead you to be successful and give you natural competitive advantage.

​Aptitude (Ability)

Aptitude is inborn potential to do certain kinds of work, physical or mental. Unlike skills, ​aptitudes are innate, something that one is born with. It is like a natural intelligence, a property that is either there or not, it is dependent upon the genetic makeup of a person.

Aptitudes are about ‘potential’, which is not necessarily realized at the present time. So aptitudes may be ​either developed or undeveloped. If one has ​aptitude, it becomes easier for a person to master a skill or task in the related area.

For instance, a child might be born with the ​aptitude to become a ​singer, but the ​skill to ​sing well must be learned & practiced. Some people are born with the ability to handle languages easily; thereby learning languages quickly, while some people are at ease while making calculations and can thus be proficient in math.


Capability often refers to extremes of ability. For instance, if you say you have the ability to write well, I might ask whether you have the capability to write a 10-page essay by tomorrow.


Capacity is the maximum limit to which a person can perform without compromising the quality. In general capacity remains the upper limit up to which one can withstand in any aspect of life. Sometimes, especially in times of adversity, human beings have shown the trait of exceeding their normal capacity to save their lives.

Flow state

According to Mihály Csíkszentmihályi flow is an optimal creative state. Being in the state of flow is one of the peak human experiences that makes us feel accelerated and elevated, weather you are rock-climbing or cooking a meal.

​We experience flow when our tasks stretches our capabilities but not so much that our skills cant meet the challenge of set task. This delectate balance between ability and challenge produces a state of total absorption. In this state we lost the track of time and stop pay attention to our inner critic. All of a sudden our task feels effortless, new and innovative solutions present themselves to ​us.

Getting into the state of flow needs a challenging task and struggle related to it, you might even feel stressed. Struggle leads to release when you release and trust yourself. Its the combination of the struggle and release that take us into the state of flow. Struggle requires effort and release requires patience and stillness and surrendering yourself to the task. Its easier to get into the state of flow when you forget about what you want to achieve but just focus on the task at hand.


A career is a series of connected employment opportunities, where you build up skills at earlier employment opportunities to move you into higher paying and higher prestige employment opportunities later on. In five years, you’re planning to be doing something very similar to what you’re doing now, but hopefully with more income and more interesting problems to tackle.

Career Planning

It's important to understand that your career is not a one-time decision made early in life. Rather, it's an ongoing process that you refine and redefine as you grow professionally.

Just like a company that thinks strategically about its positioning in the marketplace and the value of its products & services, you need to think about your values, aptitudes, interest & skills that you have to offer in exchange for various rewards and benefits.

​Career ​Building

Career building is a process of assessing where you are in your work life, deciding where you want to be, and making ​the changes necessary to get there. We ​urge you to be proactive in this process.

Career Change

When it comes to your career, change is natural - it's healthy! As you are seeking to feel rewarded and satisfied in your ​career path, it's never too early or late to think about career change.

You strengthen your professional abilities every time you take on new challenges. Each time you change career paths you gain clarity about what you want from your work and learn new set of skills. You then find more satisfaction in your work and contribute more to your organization.

​Career change at 40 is at least as common as career change at 30. Career change at 50 is completely normal. Career change at 25 is as normal as it gets.

​Should I Consider a career change?

Here are just few occasions when you might want to (re)design the 2096 - 4192 hours ​you spend ​at work ​each year:

  • ​You feel stuck in your career and less motivated every week
  • ​You have been working in the same place for many years
  • Discovered that your current job is not what you imagined
  • ​Found out that the current job is not what you applied for
  • ​You are not employed and want to choose a new path
  • ​You have achieved financial freedom but don't want to retire

​It's good to remember that if you are unhappy in your job, it's common to think that migrating to another company will solve the problem. But it may not be your company that's the problem, it may also be something about your current role.

So its worth to make a proper assessment of your self, your current job and situation in life before making any mayor decisions.

​Check out the Career Aptitude Quiz

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​Skills / Competences

Skills are the proficiencies developed through training or experience. Skills are usually something that has been learned. So, we can develop our skills through the transfer of knowledge and practice. So it requires knowledge and practice to be skillful in something.


Knowledge is the theoretical or practical understanding of a subject. For example, an employee might have knowledge of user experience design. This doesn’t mean the employee knows how to be user experience designer. It means he/she knows the principles.


An outstanding aptitude can be considered "talent".


A job is simply something you do to earn money. Career advancement is not something you’re interested in there and the work often doesn’t interest you at all. In five years, you’ll likely not be doing anything like your current job. A job has minimal impact on future resumes and job applications because it’s completely unrelated to the stuff you’ll be applying for.


Internships can be paid or unpaid. Sometimes interns get college credit in place of monetary compensation. The amount of time you spend as an intern can vary (weeks to a year). This is generally for "white collar" professions. internship - you're employed or contracted, typically 3 months, typically white collar work.


An apprenticeship is mastering a craft under the wing of an expert. Its generally a longer term commitment (a couple of years time) where you learn a craft.

This term is generally used for for crafts and skill based professions those learning how to become an electrician, a plumber, a carpenter, etc. Apprenticeships are generally for "blue collar" professions.

​Job shadowing

In job shadowing, you literally follow your mentor around and see what your mentor does as a job.

Job shadowing is generally where you aren't employed by the company. It's an experience that is only a few days to a week long. You can always request to shadow someone in email.


Externship - typically 2 weeks and over a school break, typically for college students. Externships are unpaid. You don't receive college credit. And an extern gives away free labor. You don't hear this term used much.

​What is Job-hopping?

A job hopper is someone who works briefly in one position after another rather than staying at any one job or organization long-term. Many graduates view job hopping as a quick way to develop their career at the start.

Although most people change jobs more frequently than was the case in the past, job hoppers do so more often. There are numerous advantages nowadays that job hoppers can experience compared to the past.

​Take a career quiz to see how to better develop yourself for higher career satisfaction

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